Manufacturing Insights: Reduce Meatpacking Injuries and Contamination
The meatpacking industry has been a profitable, yet frequently criticised, sector since the beginning of the 20th century. Since the 1980s, improvements in distribution allowed many meatpacking corporations to move their organisations to more rural areas near livestock. At this time, many larger organisations modified operations and increased work speeds and productivity while also trimming their labour expenses.
These tactics consolidated the industry but also created greater working hazards for employees. Production line speed is one of the culprits for the increased incidence of injuries in the meatpacking industry. Excessive speeds are also linked with a higher incidence of food contamination. To reduce the risk of contamination, experts often point to slowing the line to increase worker accuracy.
Workplace Injuries and the Line
Employees in the meatpacking industry complain of many injuries as a result of repetitive line tasks. Some common injuries to watch out for include:
- Excessive force injuries and achiness in the tendons.
- Back pain from standing for an entire shift.
- Repetitive motion injuries (most commonly carpal tunnel syndrome) or cumulative trauma injuries from using knives, cleavers, hooks and power tools for long hours.
- Lacerations from tools (employees’ own or from a nearby co-worker) due to cutting in close quarters.
- Heavy lifting and exertion causes back pain.
- Worker fatigue and lethargy from long hours.
- Progressive inflammatory neuropathy from the compressed air used in meatpacking processes, which causes burning, numbness and weakness in the arms and legs.
- Illness or weakened immune system from contaminated meat in work spaces.
Food Safety Concerns
Excessive line speeds have also been linked to food contamination. While trying to keep pace with the line, many workers struggle to identify contaminated meat carrying dangerous bacteria, such as E. coli.
Both employee injuries and contaminated products can destroy your bottom line. When employees are injured, insurance costs can increase dramatically, especially if injuries are frequent and serious. Turning out products that are contaminated and can make the public ill will not only result in additional expenses for court fees and business interruption—it could also severely tarnish your reputation, leading to lower profits and reduced sales.
Line Safety Solutions
To reduce your employees’ risk of injury and the risk of food contamination, implement the following solutions:
- Reduce line speed to a level that is comfortable for workers to get their tasks done without excessively rushing and putting their safety in danger. Remember that speeding up the line could boost production numbers, but you will likely pay in the long run.
- Keep accurate logs of injuries and illnesses. Assess your plant’s incidences and near misses, and put safeguards in place to reduce these occurrences.
- Adopt ergonomics policies at your organisation that promote the safe and effective use of tools and work practices.
- Institute more job rotations and more frequent breaks throughout shifts.
- Provide more training for workers, and make it available in multiple languages if necessary. Highlight the importance of prompt injury reporting.
- Purchase personal protective equipment (PPE) for your employees instead of requiring them to purchase it to ensure it is up to standards and in proper working order at all times. Once again, this will save money in the long run by preventing injuries and lost time.
- Provide adequate space between workers on the line.
- Hire enough employees to staff the line adequately.
Many businesses are confused as to what is a reasonable rate of speed for their line. The solution? This truly depends on how many employees work on the line, the tasks done on the line and the time it takes to do those tasks. The goal is to balance these factors. If the line is too fast, you will lose your products’ quality and your employees will suffer more injuries.
For more information on how to reduce work-related injuries and illnesses at your organisation, contact our local risk management team today.